Minoan Snake Goddess, Palace of Knossos and the Capital of Crete

Minoan Snake Goddess, Palace of Knossos and the Capital of Crete

When dreaming of a summer escape and cruising a sampling of the Greeks Islands became a reality…

The Greeks have always had a deep appreciation and an intimate relationship with the sea. With an extensive, intricate coastline and more than 240 inhabited islands that are peppered throughout the Ionian and Aegean seas.

During the peak summer months in Crete…it gets ‘Hot’, very hot with the mercury reaching into the 40s. It’s late July and my birthday month. My birthday gift to myself each year is to do something I have never done, or go somewhere I have never been.

A short break island hopping cruising through the Cyclades and stopping in at the high points of interest islands of Santorini and Mykonos and continuing through the Dodecanese to explore the medieval history that awaits on the island of Rhodes and the humble quaint island of Patmos and then beyond, cruising through to the north eastern Aegean and a stop in Kusadasi, Turkey to experience all that was and is, the magic ancient city of Ephesus. This short island hopping break beckons a welcome relief; and Greece’s Celestyal Cruises can take me there.

I learn that there are options for boarding and departure locations, and as I’m living on the island of Crete, I have the opportunity to board the ship in the islands capital – Heraklion – GR Ηράκλειο, Irákleio and to see the city from the sea.

The beautiful island of Crete, the largest of Greece’s islands nestled between the Sea of Crete and the Libyan Sea in the Mediterranean boasts mountain ranges that run the length of the island, ravines and vast plains that make it seem more like a country unto itself, than another Greek island.

The city of Heraklion and the island’s long and tumultuous past is recorded back as far as the 7th millennium BC and predates the Minoan era. The Minoan’s were the centre of Europe’s most ancient civilizations and the first people in Europe to build Palaces. Heraklion is located close to the ruins of the Palace of Knossos, which during Minoan times was the largest centre of population in Crete, between 3500 – 3100 BC. With the fall of the Minoan era, the capital and the island was left to be stripped and looted by bandits and pirates and was a battle ground for vying city states until the Romans conquered in 69 BC.

Crete Palace of Knossos HeraklionThe slaughter of Saracens and the safe haven for pirates was resolved under the command of Nikephoros Phokas, who later became the Emperor. The city was further looted, before being burned to the ground in 961 and falling under the rule of the Byzantine Empire and its control for 243 years. Feuding between the local native inhabitants and the Venetians continued across the island until 1669, when the Ottoman Empire took possession. The new victor held control of the island until 1898, however not without continuous uprisings and unrest. The Greek War of Independence in 1821 and subsequent battles during the Balkan War, WWI and WWII, saw more destruction and slaughter of the local Cretan population by Turkish and then German soldiers.  Following many years of unrest through various battles the signing of an unconditional surrender by a German Commander was signed on May 9, 1945 at the Villa Ariadne at Knossos.

I have had the opportunity to visit the Palace of Knossos, which is only a short drive from the city’s harbour on a number of occasions and each time I learn more about the Minoan era and the Cretan Goddess Ariadne, whose name means both “scared” and “pure”.

Crete Palace of Knossos HeraklionThe Minoan culture is known for its sophisticated ethos, love of nature and peaceful rule. The palace’s peaceful setting, free of fortifications and defences, provides a vast panorama of the surrounding landscape.

Greek Mythology: The Goddess Ariadne GR – Θεά Αριάδνη, the Minoan Snake Goddess is the daughter of King Minos and Queen Pasiphaë, granddaughter of Helios and Zeus. It is said that she was the official companion of Dionysus. Yet, according to myth Ariadne in an attempt to help her beloved Theseus, leaves a golden thread to escape the labyrinth of the half man, half beast, the Minotaur. Following the demise of the monster, the hero took her with him to the island of Naxos only to abandon her following a visit by Dionysus in his dream. Ariadne embodies the scared marriage having endured the trials of betrayal and abandonment. She is an influential representative in the world and watches over our loves and labours, our trials and triumphs, as well as our worldly concerns and attitudes. Wandering around the ruins, the story of Ariadne and her ill-fated affair with the man-god Theseus sparks the imagination.

Crete Goddess Ariadne Θεά ΑριάδνηAriadne figurine image is that of a woman with hands held up with a snake in each hand, and was used during worshipping practices that symbolises the rebirth, resurrection or renewal of life following a transition into the underworld.

In astrology Ariadne represents abandonment as an archetypal process that strips away the mind’s illusions in order to hear the calling of the true self. Confronted by the painful reality of being left the individual is forced to relinquish their hopes and fantasies in order to awaken to the authentic path of the heart.

Ariadne embodies the soul in relationship that must first experience the painful course of the labyrinth before a divine connection can be realised.

  Learn more about where the Goddess Ariadne and other Greco/Roman Goddess are located in your horoscope and what this means for you, here.

I have time to roam around Heraklion city centre, before finding my way to the port in time for the ships departure.

Crete Loggia Armeria Heraklion CBDPassing through the city CBD and the historic Town Hall, that is now part of the 1962 reconstructed building of Loggia – Armeria. Built by the Venetians, the armoury was used to gather, store and guard the largest bank of ammunition. During the Ottoman era, the historic building was used as a treasury to collect the islands taxes.

Crete Morosini Lions Fountain Heraklion CBDContinuing through the city centre and passing through the Eleftheriou Venizelou Square, more commonly known as Lions Square and the Morosini Lions Fountain. Built in 1628 during the Venetian rule to commemorate the Venetian success, of bringing water to the city. The ornately decorated Lions fountain depicts scenes from Greek Mythology and is a central focal point in the city.

Crete Bembo Fountain HeraklionWalking through the local market stalls to the end of the lane and seeing one of the many Venetian Fountains that are located throughout the city. During the Venetian rule the need was to supply water to the city, then known as Chandakas due to a lack of spring water. Water supply was achieved with the construction of cisterns and wells, both public and private and various fountains with exquisite designs, like Bembo Fountain, built between 1552 – 1554 located in Kornarou Square.

Crete Sinai Monastery of Agia AikateriniBack to 1821 (street) and turning left I continue along Pl. Agaias Ekaterinis to reach the small Sinai Monastery of Agia Aikaterini – GR Μονή Σινά Αγίας Αικατερίνης, Saint Catherine founded in the 10th century.

The Monastery of Saint Catherine’s income was contributed to by the Saint Catherine School of Sinai and during 1550 – 1640 was an education facility where ancient Greek writing, Philosophy, Theology, Rhetoric and Hagiography (Icon painting) was taught.

Crete Saint Minas CathedralAdjacent to the monastery, in Saint Catherine square GR – Πλατεία Αγίας Αικατερίνης is the smaller and older Saint Mina and the Saint Minas Cathedral GR – Άγιος Μηνάς, named after the martyr and wonderworker (285 – 309 AD). Minas was born in Egypt and became a Roman army officer who suffered imprisonment and torture, before being beheaded for upholding his faith; and becoming the patron Saint of Heraklion. The cathedral is the largest in Crete and one of the largest in Greece.

It was interesting to learn that very few children are named after the Saint. The story I was told, that during the Turkish occupation illegitimate orphaned children were left on the steps to be cared for by the church and the boys were named, Minas. For many years the name Minas was associated with being illegitimate, thus parents avoided giving their children the name.

Crete Castello a Mare Koules FortressIt’s getting closer to late afternoon, so I make my way along the sea front and the fortress walls that were built during the Arab period, 9 – 10th century and the Castellum Comunis at the entrance of the harbour, built during the 10 – 13th Byzantine period, along with the 13th century Rocca al Mare constructed by the Venetians that became known by its Turkish name Koules Castle, that dominates the modern port of Heraklion.

Crete Castello a Mare Koules FortressLooking back as we set sail from Heraklion port, the sight of the 16th century Koules Fortress located at the entrance of the port gives a more imposing sense of greatness of protection that once safeguarded the city, with an impressive backdrop of a hazy summer day and the Asterousia Mountains.

I settle in and find my way around my temporary floating home for the coming days.

Continue Greek island hopping with me, as I spend time in Santorini, Mykonos, Patmos and longer visits in other islands in the Mediterranean.

This blog is one of a number in a series of blog posts sharing historic events, ancient history and the hypnotic wonders of many parts of Greece and her Islands sharing personal journeys that have enriched my life and broadened my knowledge and understanding of the richness and diversity of our shared world. Experiencing the gifts of a new outer landscape in a new country that evokes ones senses in many and varied ways, and provides offerings of reflection that is awakening the inner landscape. I invite you to read and learn more about other locations within Greece and her Islands here.

Embracing the lessons and learning’s that a new outer landscape gives is one of life’s inspirational mysteries. Yet our personal horoscope offers valuable insights that guide each of us with acknowledging the lessons and integrating the learning’s through the practice of Astrocartography, Where Location Matters.

Below you’ll find a personal account of how and why Astrocartography is a valuable guide to support the awakening of your inner landscape. See how together with your personal horoscope and Astrocartography you can incorporate the outer and inner landscapes.

Book you Astrocartography, Where Location Matters today, here and awakening your inner knowing to the locations that are calling you.

Thank you for taking the time to read and I hope that I bring some inspiration (if needed) to visit this amazing and magical part of the world. Leave a comment and let me know, and visit A Soul Awakening to subscribe and receive new blog posts as they become available.

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Crete Minoan Snake Goddess, Palace of Knossos & the Capital of Crete Crete Minoan Snake Goddess, Palace of Knossos & the Capital of Crete









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  • Gabby

    Such rich history Marilyn! Got lost in ancient times reading this 🙂

    • ASoulAwakening

      Thank you Gabby, I too am forever transported to a different time as I wonder, learn and experience more of this amazing, beautiful and magical part of the world. You’ll love Delos. ?

  • Lara Hayes

    Wow, what a pretty and calm looking place with amazing history and architecture!

    I need to go back to Greece, you’ve sold it!

    • ASoulAwakening

      Thank you Lara, appreciate your feedback. Greece and her Islands are dripping in ancient history, mythology, astrology and beauty.

  • GGeorgina

    What a beautiful account of a historic city. You took me back in time. Thoroughly enjoyed reading this, Marilyn . I have so many places to get to!! 🙂

    • ASoulAwakening

      Thank you Georgina, delighted to hear you enjoyed. Much appreciated.

  • Paul O

    Love the historical angle. Refreshing to read about in a sea of other standard travel blogs. Keep it up!

    • ASoulAwakening

      Thank you Paul, wonderful to read you enjoyed my historical insights. Also, thank you for the encouragement. Appreciated.

  • Anna

    Such an interesting part of history and what a sight to see. I would love to visit Crete!

    • ASoulAwakening

      Thank you Anna. Crete has incredibly amazing ancient history. I am forever learning more of this beautiful part of the world that I now call home. It’s well worth a visit.

  • Lisa Dorenfest

    I would absolutely LOVE to sail these waters. Thank you for this rich history. Your images are marvelous with the last being the icing on the cake.

    • ASoulAwakening

      Lisa Thank you for you positive and encouraging kind words. Cruising around the Greek Islands is pretty special, and each island is rich in ancient history. Along with many delightful harbours to dock.

  • Ann

    Is it just me, or is it really fun to read about places that you have already visited?
    I love it, I love to read other points of views on a place I have visited 🙂

    • ASoulAwakening

      Ann, I am totally with you. It’s fascinating to read others perspective and experiences.

  • Roma

    Being from such a young country like Australia I find the history, the stories and the artifacts from places like Greece with places like Heraklion dating back to 7BC and predating the Minoans is barely comprehensible!

    • ASoulAwakening

      I to can understand what you’re saying. As, I am also an Australian. Our birth country’s history is rich and offers something completely different. It’s an enriching experience to learn more about ancient Greece and equally so, Crete during antiquity times. As an Astrologer, I am forever learning more about the amazingness of Greek Mythology. Hopefully, you can visit some day.

  • Tayler

    I love giving birthday gifts to myself- especially travel ones 🙂 I love that you share the history in your posts. It really makes the locations come alive in a different way.

    • ASoulAwakening

      Thank you Tayler, I sincerely appreciate that you enjoy reading about the historical sites. I certainly love the experience and enjoy learning more about the worlds history and the amazing and beautiful cultures. Gifting myself birthday treats has been something I have done since my late teens (and that’s a while ago :-)).

  • sarah

    Interesting read. I’m off to Crete myself later this year. Will check this out.

  • Kitty

    I have been to Crete before but never to the Palace of Knossos – I will definitely have to go there next time. What fascinating history!

  • Linda (LD Holland)

    Sadly we only got to visit Crete as cruising day trips. But it has been on our travel planning board for some time. Crete certainly has a lot of great historic spots to visit and it has shaped the architecture of the city too. And we would definitely get out on the water to see more of the island from that perspective.

  • Hannah F

    It’s amazing how intricate and beautiful the architecture is even when technology was not advanced in their times. Such beautiful and rich pieces of history! Thanks for sharing!

  • Gallivanting Laura

    What a fascinating historical read. Adding this to my Greece board as Crete is an island I’ve not had the pleasure of visiting yet.

  • Elyse

    This has definitely inspired me to visit Greece, so many beautiful beaches, along with all that interesting history

  • Sharyn

    I love learning about history as I travel, so I’d love this place.

  • Jennifer

    Greece has so many beautiful places rich with history and nature.. would love to explore the whole country sometime

  • kmf

    I love all things history and the beauty of Greece…a perfect pairing. Would love to explore and learn more about the Minoan Goddess, Palace of Knossos, and Crete. Fascinating!

  • Gladis

    Wow, this article is a captivating journey into the ancient world of the Minoan Snake Goddess, the majestic Palace of Knossos, and the rich history of Crete. Thanks for sharing this delightful piece.

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